Ancient opencuts workings on the Darren Lode have cut the western earthworks of this
Late Bronze Age/ Iron Age hillfort.
Although these workings clearly post-date the siting of the fort, the vein here would
have been clearly exposed within the outer ditch, and there good is reason to suppose
that some working of the lead-silver mineralisation took place early on in its history.
The earthworks of the fort and their relationship to the mining trench were examined
in July 2005.
The location of the fort and opencuts are stunning.
This website was made possible by a grant from the Cambrian Archaeology Association
Excavation across the outer hillfort ditch showing the top of the worked vein in
its base:- A possible indication of later Iron Age exploitation. RCAHM (Wales) aerial
Section through early spoil tip showing position of Medieval and underlying Late
Bronze Age ground surface. (EMRG, 2005)
The late Bronze Age date from the underlying land surface and the Medieval date from
the uppermost (later) phase of mine spoil suggests that the earliest major working
on this vein may have taken place sometime during the Iron Age - Roman Period.
Excavations of the Western Gateway of the Hill fort.
Excavation of hillfort earthwork showing boulder revetment.
Large white quartz boulders were inserted into the revetted facing of the gateway
on either side of the entrance. These would have been visible, some distance away
from the hillfort.
They are an impressive statement of the importance of this settlement. The curved
revetment wall behind this might also indicate the presence of a guard chamber, perhaps
as a later addition. Two or three phases of construction of the earthwork defenses
are suggested in the period 350-200 BC.
On the revetted middle earthwork bank of the hillfort. The outer face has been laid
with water worn boulders of sandstone brought up from the floor of the valley below.
Section across the outer hillfort ditch with the worked mineral vein in its base.