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Comet Lode - Copa Hill

 

KEY PUBLICATIONS

 

Andrews, P. 1994

Excavating mines – with examples from Cwmystwyth, Chinflon and Kestel,

IN ‘Mining Before Powder’ Ford & Willies (eds.)

Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society Vol.12 (3), 13-22

 

Craddock, P.T. 1995

Early Metal Mining and Production,

Edinburgh University Press, 363 pp

 

Craddock, P.T. & Lang, J. (eds.) 2003.

Mining and Metal Production through the Ages

The British Museum Press, 296 pp

 

Craddock, B., Cartwright, C.R., Craddock.P.T & Wray, W.B. 2003

Hafted stone mining hammer from Chuquicamata, Chile

IN Cradock & Lang (eds.), 52-68

 

Crew, P. & Crew, S. (eds.)1990

Early Mining in the British Isles, Plas Tan y Bwlch

Occasional Paper no.1. Porthmadog: Snowdonia Press, 80 pp

 

Jenkins, D., Owen, A. & Lewis, A. 2001

A rapid geochemical survey of the Bronze Age copper mines on the Great Orme,

Llandudno Archaeological Science ’97 AR International Series 939, p.164-169

 

Mighall T.M, Grattan J.P, Forsyth S. & Timberlake, S. 2000

Tracing atmospheric metal mining pollution in blanket peat

IN Tracers in Geomorphology, ed. DL Foster, publ. J.Wiley, 101-121

 

Mighall T.M, Abrahams P.W., Grattan J.P., Hayes D., Timberlake S., Forsyth,

S. 2002

Geochemical evidence for atmospheric pollution derived from prehistoric copper mining

at Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth, mid-Wales, UK

IN The Science of the Total Environment 292, 69-80, Elsevier

 

Mighall T.M., Timberlake S., Clark S.H.E. & Caseldine A.E. 2002

A Palaeoenvironmental Investigation of Sediments from the Prehistoric Mine of

Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth, mid-Wales IN Journal of Archaeological Science 29, 1161-1188

 

Pickin, J. 1990 Stone tools and early metal mining in England and Wales

IN Crew & Crew (eds), 39-42

 

Timberlake, S.

2001 Mining and prospection for metals in Early Bronze Age Britain – making claims

within the archaeological landscape, IN Bruck, J. (ed.) Bronze Age Landscapes -

Tradition and Transformation, publ. Oxbow Books, 179-192

 

2003a Excavations on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth (1986-1999): An Early Bronze Age

Copper Mine within the uplands of Central Wales,  

BAR British Series 348, Archaeopress, Oxford, 127 pp

 

2003b  Early metal mining research in the UK: the developments of the last 10 years,

in P.T. Craddock & J.Lang (eds)

Mining and Metal Production through the Ages,

The British Museum Press, 21-42

 

KEY PUBLICATIONS (OTHER AUTHORS)

 

Dutton, A. & Fasham, P.J. 1994 Prehistoric Copper Mining on the Great Orme,

 Llandudno, Gwynedd,

Proceedings of Prehistoric Society 60,  245-286

 

O’Brien, W.

1994 Mount Gabriel: Bronze Age Mining in Ireland

(Bronze Age Studies no.3),

Galway University Press, 371 pp

 

1996 Bronze Age Copper Mining in Britain and Ireland,

Shire Archaeology no.71, 64 pp

 

2004 Ross Island – Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland,

Bronze Age Studies no.6, Department of Archaeology, National University of

Ireland, Galway, 767 pp

 

REFERENCES

 

Bick, D. & Davies, P.W.1994 Lewis Morris and the Cardiganshire Mines, Aberystwyth,

the National Library of Wales, 89 pp

 

Jenkins, D., Owen, A. & Lewis, A. 2001 A rapid geochemical survey of the Bronze Age

copper mines on the Great Orme, Llandudno IN Archaeological Science ’97

BAR International Series 939, p.164-169

 

Jenkins, D. 2003 Mynydd Parys Copper Mines,

Note in Archaeology in Wales 43, 106

 

Jones, N., Walters, M. & Frost, P. 2004

Mountains and Orefields – Metal Mining Landscapes of Mid and North-East Wales,

CBA Research Report 142, 192 pp

 

Mighall T.M, Abrahams P.W., Grattan J.P., Hayes D., Timberlake S., Forsyth, S. 2002

Geochemical evidence for atmospheric pollution derived from prehistoric copper mining

at Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth, mid-Wales, UK

IN The Science of the Total Environment 292, 69-80, Elsevier

 

O’Brien, W. 2004 Ross Island – Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland,

Bronze Age Studies no.6,

Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 767 pp

 

Timberlake, S. 1988   Excavations at Parys Mt. and Nantyreira,

Archaeology in Wales 28 11-17

 

1990 Firesetting and primitive mining experiments, Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth, in Crew &

Crew (eds) , 53-54  Llancynfelin and Nantyrarian Mines,

Archaeology in Wales 32, 90-91

 

1995 Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth & Llancynfelin Mine,

Archaeology in Wales 35, 40-43

 

1996a Tyn y fron Mine,

Archaeology in Wales 36, 60-63

 

1996b Ogof Copper Mine, Llanymynech Hill,

Archaeology in Wales 36, 68-69

 

2002a Medieval lead smelting boles near Penguelan, Cwmystwyth, Ceredigion,

Archaeology in Wales 42, 45-59

 

2002b Banc Tynddol disc, Cwmystwyth,

Archaeology in Wales 42, 97-98

 

2003a Excavations on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth (1986-1999): An Early Bronze Age

Copper Mine within the uplands of Central Wales,  

BAR British Series 348, Archaeopress, Oxford, 127 pp

 

2003b An archaeological examination of some early mining leats and hushing

remains in upland Wales,

Archaeology in Wales 43, 33-44

 

Timberlake, S. & Switsur R. 1988 An archaeological investigation of early mineworkings

on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth: new evidence for prehistoric mining,

Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 54, 329-333

 

Timberlake, S. & Prag, A.J.N.W. 2005

The Archaeology of Alderley Edge – survey, excavation and experiment in an ancient

mining landscape,

BAR 346, Archaeopress

 

Timberlake, S. 2007   The use of experimental archaeology/archaeometallurgy for the

understanding and reconstruction of Early Bronze Age mining and smelting technologies

in Metal and Mining - Studies in Archaeometallyurgy (Ed. La Niece, S, Hook.

D. A. Craddock. P), 27-36, Archetype Publications in association with The British

Museum.

 

Timberlake, S. 2009 The origins of metal mining in Britain-The explorations and

Archaeological excavations excavations of Early Mines Research Group in Central Wales,

"The Lode of History"

Proceedings of the Welsh Mines Society Conference 2007, Welsh Mines and Mining

No. 1, 3-16.

 

Timberlake, S. 2009 Copper mining and metal production at the beginning of the

British Bronze Age, Bronze Age Connections (ed. P. Clarke), 95-1022, Oxbow.

 

Mighall, T.M, Tinberlake, s. Foster, I.D.L, Kruppe, E and Singh, S. 2009.

Ancient copper and lead pollution records from a raised bog complex in Central Wales, Uk.

Journal of Archaeological Science. 36,1288.

 

Timberlake, S. 2010       Geological Mineralogical and Environmental Controls on the

Extraction of Copper Ores in the British Bronze Age. Mining in European History and its

Impact on Environmental and Human Scoieties, Proceedings for the 1st mining in

European history Conference of the SFB-HIMAT, 12-15 Novermber 2009. Innsbruck,

ed P. Anneiter, G. Golderberg et al, 289-295.

 

Mighall, T.M., Timberlake, S. Singh, S. and Bateman, M 2007. Records in palaeo-

pollution from mining and metallurgy as recorded by three ombrotrophic peat bogs

in Wales, Uk in: Metals and Mining (ed. La Niece, S. Hook, D and Craddock, P.).

 

Timberlake, s. 2006    Excavation of Early Mines Workings at Twll y mining (Cwm Darren)

and Erglodd, Ceredigion. Archaeology in Wales. 56, 79-80.

 

 

 

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